Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, it is a bacterial infection involving the gums and sometimes the bone that surrounds a tooth. From a simple case of bleeding gums to painful gum recession, gum disease is a problem that you need to deal with as soon as possible. Gum diseases can affect one tooth or many teeth, and they range from gum irritation (gingivitis) to severe infection (periodontitis). It is important to give special attention to your gums because if you’re not taking care of your gums, you’re not taking care of your mouth. If you fail to do that, fear not. Your Downtown Toronto dentist can help you with a treatment plan to manage gum disease at any stage of gum disease (officially dubbed “periodontitis”).

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease

There are a few very common signs of gums disease to look for in your daily routine. These signs of gum disease may be signals that your gum health isn’t where it needs to be.

Pain: Pain or tenderness in your gums or pain in your teeth when chewing.

Redness & Swelling: Swollen gums or red gums can be gum disease symptoms. Healthy gums should look firm and pink.

Bad Taste and Smell in Mouth: Persistent bad breath and an unpleasant taste in your mouth are possible gum disease symptoms.

Bleeding on Brushing and Flossing: Gum disease symptoms to watch for include bleeding gums when you brush or floss.

Sensitivity: Heightened sensitivity to hot or cold foods

Causes and Risk Factors of Gum Diseases

Many gum disease symptoms don’t appear until the disease is well-established, or Even if you do not have any of these symptoms, it is possible you still have gum disease. So it is important to know some of the risk factors and causes for gum disease. By identifying risk factors, you can spot gum disease symptoms early, so always go to your routine dental visits at Toronto Dentist clinic for check-ups. Based on your individual genetics, lifestyle, diet, and other routine factors, you may be at a higher or lower risk of gum disease. Have a look at the most common risk factors.

Smoking & Tobacco Use: Many studies have shown that smoking or using other tobacco products significantly increases your risk of gum disease.

Genetics: If you have family members with gum disease symptoms or a history of gum disease, pay extra attention to your oral care routine and visit a dentist regularly for professional cleaning and checkup.

Hormones: Although more research is needed, some studies have suggested that hormones associated with puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can increase women’s risk for gum disease. Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause aren’t exactly gum disease causes, but women should be sure to pay extra attention to their oral care during these times.

Medical Conditions: Diabetes is associated with an increased risk for periodontal disease. In addition, chemotherapy or other treatments for illnesses such as cancer or AIDS can increase your risk for periodontal disease.

Stress: Studies have shown that stress can make it harder for the body to fight infections, and that includes periodontal disease.

Medications: Medications that dry up saliva can increase your risk of periodontal disease. Saliva provides protection against periodontal disease by helping wash plaque and bacteria from the teeth.

Family History: Some people are simply more susceptible to periodontal disease because of their heredity. If any of your relatives have had periodontal disease, you may be at increased risk.

Gum Disease Treatments

The treatment of gum diseases may be surgical or non-surgical. The selection depends on the severity of the disease and the patient’s preferences.

Surgical: Surgical treatments for gum diseases include procedures to reduce pockets formed at the gum line, remove excess gum tissue to expose more of the tooth surface, and graft soft tissue onto the gums to cover exposed bone and prevent tooth loss.

Non-surgical: Non-surgical treatment of gum diseases include antibiotics and a non-surgical deep-cleaning procedure called tooth scaling and root planning for tartar removal and plaque from below the gum line.